Understanding Prefixes

Understanding Prefixes

A prefix is a word part added at the beginning of another word to change its meaning. Prefixes are commonly used in the English language to create new words or modify the meaning of existing ones. Understanding prefixes is important in building vocabulary and deciphering the meanings of unfamiliar words.

How to Solve Prefixes Questions in Exams:

  1. Identify the Prefix: When you encounter a word with a prefix, the first step is to recognize the prefix itself. Common prefixes include “un-“, “re-“, “pre-“, “dis-“, “mis-“, and many others.
  2. Understand the Meaning: Know the meanings associated with common prefixes. For example, “un-” usually means “not” or “opposite,” while “re-” often means “again” or “back.”
  3. Break Down the Word: Divide the word into its prefix and the root word (the part without the prefix). This helps you analyze the word’s structure and meaning.
  4. Combine the Meanings: Combine the meaning of the prefix with the meaning of the root word to understand the word as a whole. For example, “unhappy” means “not happy.”
  5. Context Matters: Consider the context of the sentence or passage. Sometimes, the prefix’s meaning might be modified by the context. Pay attention to the surrounding words for clues.
  6. Practice: To improve your prefix skills, practice with vocabulary exercises, quizzes, or reading comprehension. The more you encounter prefixes, the better you’ll become at deciphering their meanings.

Prefixes are powerful tools for expanding your vocabulary and understanding the English language. By mastering them, you’ll be better equipped to tackle word-related questions in exams and enhance your overall language skills.

Prefixes Table

Common Prefixes

a-, an-withoutamoral, anarchy
anti-againstantidote, antifreeze
auto-selfautomobile, autonomy
bi-twobicycle, bilateral
co-with or togethercooperate, coordinate
de-reverse or removedeactivate, deconstruct
dis-not or oppositedisagree, disapprove
ex-former or out ofex-president, exit
fore-beforeforecast, foretell
in-not or intoinvisible, invade
inter-between or amonginternational, interact
mis-wrong or badlymisbehave, misunderstand
non-notnonstop, nonfiction
over-excessiveoverconfident, overload
pre-beforeprepay, preview
re-again or backreapply, revisit
sub-under or belowsubmarine, subpar
super-above or beyondsuperhuman, superstar
trans-across or beyondtransport, transform
un-notunhappy, undo
under-beneath or belowundersea, underestimate
vice-deputy or substitutevice-president, vice-chair
ultra-beyond or extremeultraviolet, ultrasound
semi-halfsemicircle, semifinal
tri-threetricycle, triangle
multi-manymulticolored, multimedia
micro-small or millionthmicroscope, microwave
mega-large or millionmegabyte, megaton
macro-large or longmacroeconomics, macrocosm
mono-onemonologue, monotonous
poly-many or muchpolyglot, polygraph
post-after or behindpostwar, postgraduate
pre-beforeprepay, preview
tele-distant or fartelephone, telepathy
uni-one or singleunicycle, universe
out-beyond or outsideoutcast, outnumber
over-excessiveoverdo, overeat
pro-for or in favor ofpro-life, proponent
para-beside or beyondparanormal, paralegal
hypo-under or less thanhypothermia, hypodermic

Conclusion: Understanding prefixes is a valuable skill that can aid in vocabulary comprehension and language proficiency. Whether for exams or daily communication, a grasp of prefixes enhances your ability to decipher and utilize words effectively.

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